Basic Steps To Digital Forensic Investigation


 One of the best ways to explain or describe the SANS methodology Forensic investigation is having actionable information to deal Some Basic Steps to Digital Forensic Investigation with computer forensic cases, accepted procedures and methods to seize, analyze data, safeguard, and determine exactly what happened, and repeating and accepting steps.


The following steps in this article will be able to help the individual who is investigating, to ensure the proper investigation for computer evidence for a civil or a criminal case in the court, handling the unusual and operational products, handling malware incidents, and tracking the internal disciplinary actions and legal proceedings.

These steps are a very beneficial way to have a reasonable knowledge of guidelines, tools and techniques, forensic principles, and procedures. The purpose of following these steps and these guidelines is to be able to respond properly to forensic investigations and then be able to determine what happened. 


 The very first, and the most important steps, is to verify that an incident even took place. When you are figuring out exactly what happened, it is important to make sure and determine the exact breadth and the scope of the incident and then assess the case.

Be specific about the and the nature of the case. This specific case is prudent because it will help in determining all of the characteristics of the case and to help figure out the best approach to take to collect the evidence of the case. 

System Description  

 The next step to take would be to gather all of the information and the data of the specific incident. To better describe the incident that you will be analyzing, it is always helpful to yourself to make sure and take notes on every detail that you can. Describe where the system is being acquired and the systems role in the network and the organization. Outline the operating system and the location of the evidence is prudent as well. 

Evidence Acquisition  

 The next step to take would be to acquire the volatile and the non-volatile data, identify the possible sources of the data, and verify the integrity of the data. When you are in doubt of what kind of specific data to collect, always remember that it is better to gather too much data than to not gather enough data of the case. The order in which that the data is collected is important, volatile data changes over time, therefore it is important to make sure and gather the proper data in the proper order. 

Timeline Analysis  

 After you finish all of the evidence acquisition, you will move on to the next step which will be to do your investigation and the analysis that is required. You will be using multiple and a variety of tools when you are gathering up your data, and then it should be sorted properly in order for it to be analyzed properly.

The end goal that is trying to be reached is to create a type of snapshot effect of the activity and the date that it happened, the action and the source, and the specific artifact that was involved during that time. The creation of it is usually very easy, however, the interpretation can be hard. This will be able to tell if you are properly developing the system of Forensic Investigations. 

Data Recovery  

 In this specific step, you will be working your best to recover the data from the file system. Based on file headers, carving files from the raw images, will be using tools and other types of techniques to further gather any of the addition evidence that you will be needing. 

Reporting Results  

 The very final step of this process is to report all of your results from the analysis. This may include the describing the actions that are being performed, determining if and what other actions are needing to be performed, and recommending improvements that may need to be done with procedures, tools, guidelines, policies, and other types of access to the forensic process. Reporting any of the results you gather is always the most important part of the Forensic Investigating process. 


 In conclusion, it is important to make sure and follow all of these steps carefully when you are beginning your Digital Forensic Investigation. Make sure that you are recovering all of the data that will be needing, establishing the facts of what happened during the incident .

that had taken place, placing them in the proper order that is required to accomplish the final ending results, and always be sure to report any and all of the results that you have come across.

If you follow these steps you will achieve your goal of finding the proper evidence and how the entire incident happened. You have to be sure that the process of the Forensic Investigation is done with care and hard diligent work so that you can report the proper information about what happened.